Aswan Nubia door
Aswan, in fact, seems to close the door ajar for those of East Africa. The Nile swirls and becomes more fluid. Winds between the islands and black rocks which disturb its slow majesty, and challenges the high dunes of golden sand to bury forever. The feluccas with their great triangular sails, which travel lazily from bank to bank and from island to isla.Los Friday, a barge on the river brings impetuous youth groups happy laughing and singing to the rhythm of the drums and tambourines, while others will respond from the cornice of the Nile By nightfall, the livelier the cafes along the river. On nights when there's football game, hundreds of men to drag on in front of their glasses of tea, staring at the old TVs. In the smallest action of your favorite team, clap, shout and argue.

The city, on the right bank of the river, it was in ancient trade center with Nubia. It can not be found on the streets or ivory and precious woods, but the third city of Egypt is full of smells and spices coming directly from the south. The souk presents the colors and smells of Sudanese markets. Nubian population, recognizable by the black color of his skin, it follows an indolent dignity and grace that make up the charm of the Sudanese. They are in fact many who vinierno to settle in Aswan. The women wear a long and colorful light veil that wrap the body.

Lived on the river, and disappeared after the domestication of the river. Nubia is the region south of Aswan today is drowned under the waters of Lake Nasser. It spread to Khartoum, the capital of Sudan. The north boundary between Egypt and Nubia to the south, was the first cataract, cataract Asuán.La rocky region, as all bordering the Nile provider, lived to the rhythm of the floods and silt deposits that allowed the crops. For years, some try to decipher the mystery. Remains dating from the fifth millennium before Christ, ostrich eggs, for example, certify the existence of travel to the south. Even from the unification of ancient Egypt, he extended his domination to the small southern neighbor, especially exploiting subsoil covered with gold. The name "Nubia" comes from the word fact, in ancient Egyptian, designated the precious metal. In this province also come in leopard skins, incense and plants aromáticas.En the Middle Kingdom, during the reign of Mentuhotep II, conquered the northern part of the region. But in the south still reign rulers of Kush. From the capital, Kerma, as they can to resist their powerful northern neighbors. Will be finally defeated and brought to the New Empire, before taking advantage of the anarchy that reigned in Thebes, which will eventually take over. They even to Memphis, and the kingdom of the black pharaohs lasts until the Assyrian invasion from the north. The Kushites withdrew to the south at Meroe, where we still find traces of their civilization.

The Nubian territory was divided once again, later, when settlers established the border between Egypt and Sudan in the nineteenth century. But for a long time, survived the longing in the heart and soul of some egipcios.Con successive dams on the Nile in Aswan, the inhabitants had largely fled their villages, now under the waters, others located further north ( in the region of Kom Ombo, for example), where they attempted to preserve its identity, at least at the architectural level.

Nubia Museum
The Nubians are here official recognition of their identity, the essence of his story, now drowned under the waters of Lake Nasser, and his civilización.Los two architects, an Egyptian and a Mexican, managed to build one of the most beautiful museums in Egypt. The building is nice and spacious showrooms are organized perfectly. They traces the history of Nubian civilization from prehistory to the present day, with some rooms saved from the waters at the time of construction of large dam.

Just after the entrance, an interactive terminal, in Arabic and English, to visualize the map of the museum. At right, a very dark room is dedicated to temporary exhibitions. In the basement, a huge model allows to locate geographically to Nubia. Behind her, a colossal statue of Ramses II greets visitors with his eternal smile. It's best to start the tour on the left. Pass from pre (magnificent engravings of animals, crafts, jewelry, tools) to Antigüedad.En the Old Kingdom, a State, the State of Kush, was born in Upper Nubia. Will be annexed by Egypt during the reign of Tuthmosid I, and reborn after the fall of the New Empire. For a while, the capital of Kush is set to Meroe (modern Sudan). The exhibits show the prosperity of this state. Later, two pieces evoke, first, the Christianization of Nubia, the second its Islamization. The rescue of the Nubian temples by UNESCO is described by a very large educational panels. Finally, a part of the museum is dedicated to contemporary civilization by reorganizing the home, school yards, scenes of weddings or agricultural work. It should be noted also the beauty of open-air museum, at different levels. There have been reconstructed a prehistoric cave and Islamic tombs.

The feluccas
Triangular sails are an integral part of the landscape of the Nile Do you think that only serve to ride? Make no mistake, as these heavy boats still represent a regular means of transport, both for humans or animals to the goods. Some of these boats up the Nile across dozens or even hundreds of kilometers, with a load of stones, as in the times of the Pharaohs, or cement.


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