Rabat (in Arabic: الرباط (ar-Ribat)) is the political and administrative capital of Morocco. Situated on the Atlantic coast of the country on the left bank of the mouth of Bouregreg, opposite the city of Salé. There were 628 000 inhabitants, and 1,614,000 for the agglomeration Census 2004 (3.123.595 inhabitants in the greater region of Rabat, the region of Rabat-Salé-Zemmour-Zaër).

The stands are backed up on the site of Rabat since antiquity. The city itself was founded in 1150 by the Almohad Sultan Abd al-Mumin, where they built a city (Kasbah Oudaïa future), a mosque and a residence. That is what is called a Ribat fortress. The current name comes from Ribat Al Fath, "the field of victory." This is the great son of al-Mumin, Ya'qub Al-Mansur, which expands and complements the city, including the granting of the walls. Subsequently, the city served as the basis for shipments Almohads in Andalusia.

She entered a period of decline after 1269, when Fez Mérinides choose as its capital. In 1609, after the decree of expulsion of Philip III, a refuge for thousands of Arabs in the city. It was not until Alaouides to revitalize the city.

In 1912, Lyautey in Rabat is the capital of the protectorate of Morocco and the headquarters of the Resident General. In 1956, when the independence of Morocco, the capital city remains.


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