Nearly eight centuries separate building on the left bank of the Bouregreg, the initial core of the city, the Ribat Abd al-Mumin, the residence of the French protectorate in the new capital of Morocco.
These days, the same site and maintaining a strong and lasting until today, on the one hand, the testimony of a great city, and remained unfinished, and the early pioneers of urban art in respect to the previous century. In the Atlantic Ocean at the mouth of the Bouregreg high cliff rises to highest in more than thirty feet above sea level and overlooks the river, where the input commands.
This natural defensive position that Abd al-Mumin, who founded the Almohad dynasty was based in 1150, a fortress or Ribat, meeting place of those fighting for faith, with the passing of the epic conquest of the Almohad of Andalusia and the control of the rest of the Maghreb. Yacoub El Mansour said he was ready to design for the position of Bouregreg larger project [1]. Helped many slaves brought from Spain in the Battle of Alarcos, which will build the walls of the future capital and start, not far from the river, a mosque of great proportions, but it will not be built, only preparing his magnificent minaret which will guide the Marine to cross the city. In this field, was first named RBAT of Salé, the El-Fath RBAT after the victory of Almohad army in Spain
This construction, which is identified mostly in the west of the current Oudayas Kasbah, was named to both the Ribat Fath, Camp Victory, to celebrate the victories Almohads and al-Mahdiyya in the memory of Muhammad ibn al-Mahdi Tûmart, founder of the Almohad movement. Ribat of Abd al-Mumin, his son Abu Ya'qub Yusuf, and his great son Yacoub El Mansour, inheritors of an empire ranging from Castile to Tripoli, were found a great city, which spans more than four hundred hectares, the imposition of limits wall pierced by monumental gates and a huge mosque, Tour Hassan (the earthquake) is still incomplete, but that was one of the major shrines of the Muslim world.
Thus, although not to Ribat Fath never received the public that his house had been pregnant, with the broad guidelines of the city were drawn. The walls and monumental gates of the era is still reflected the magnitude of the Almohad city. As demonstrated by the remains and the minaret of the mosque of Hassan in a place whose sanctity was reinforced and improved by the construction of the Mohamed V mausoleum, a symbol of filial piety, which by its unique decoration, collective work of art is a tribute to the sovereign and that is a testament to the revitalization of traditional crafts.
By the end of the Almohad period, around the mid-thirteenth century until the early seventeenth century, the importance of the decrease in Rabat. From this period dates the Chella necropolis built outside the walls, and Jama 'and the steam-Kbir Jdid ex. The location of these facilities suggest that city life is not concentrated only in the vicinity of the Kasbah and that several districts of the medina is present inhabited.
Since 1610, Rabat has a large population of Muslim refugees expelled from Al-Andalus who settled in the Kasbah and inside the enclosure Almohades in the north-west and délimitèrent protected by a wall, the wall andalouse. The descendants of these Andalusians, who often names as Andalusian Mouline, BARGACH, Moreno, Balafrej, Round, etc. Åre RBAT still considering the so-called "ethnic".
For several decades, Rabat, then known in Europe under the name of Salé-le-Neuf, was the site of a small maritime republic, the Republic of Bou Regreg until the advent of which Alawites caught in the estuary in 1666. Its principal activity was then the race on Wednesday against the Christians who gave all their resources and Salé-le-Neuf became the first port of Morocco.
In 1912, under the protectorate, General Lyautey decided to relocate the capital from Fez to Rabat because of the strong discomfort exists and Berber (Fez). Sultan Moulay Youssef happened there. In 1913, Henri Prost Lyautey the design of the New Town.
Since the end of World War II until 1963, the United States had a military airbase.


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