Meknes, Arabic: مكناس Makni, Morocco: M'knâs, Hebrew מקנס, מקנאס) is a city in Morocco, which takes its name from the Berber tribe founded the city name Meknassi. It is the administrative capital of the region of Meknès-Tafilalet, in central Albania. The city is located 120 km east of Rabat and 60 km west of Fez. This is one of the four imperial cities of Morocco. It was the capital of Morocco during the reign of Moulay Mrini Ayoub.

Appointed Meknes:

The city of Meknes is the name of the tribe Meknassi Amazigh. The members of this tribe are called Imknassen plural, singular Ameknas. Ameknas Tamazight or means of combat warrior. Amazigh Ameknas also request no.

Geography and demography:

Meknes is located at an altitude of 500 m, in the overall relationship between the Middle Atlas to the south and the pre-Rifaina hills north. The city is bisected by Boufekrane River, which separates the medina (old city) of the new city (the "Hamri). The population of the city of Meknes is currently estimated at 950 000 inhabitants (including suburbs), the eastern suburb of Meknes (Toulalan) and Western suburbs (Ouislane) has a population of 100 000 inhabitants. People who work mainly in the fact Meknes daily with Hamri, which houses almost all jurisdictions in the region Meknès-Tafilalet with new urban transport company Citybus began his service on November 18, 2005, taking over closing Meknes two years, transit systems following the bankruptcy of Ratum. They are also served by taxis that circulate large the urban area of ​​Meknes, in contrast to other Moroccan cities where the extra-urban taxis (from Casablanca). The rural area is linked to the transmission network of the city has granted Citybus within a radius of 40 km around Meknes. The combined transport and taxis are also Meknes link rural areas to rural areas. 4, Meknes is the imperial city of Morocco. The Medina of Meknes is classified since 1996 UNESCO World Heritage site and known since then various restoration activities of the sites (walls, gates, streets, public places ...). Now it's worth the largest Arab cities and the Mediterranean for its cultural diversity. Lehdim The famous place of 2 operations in 2007 for restoration and renewal, and other ongoing renovation.


Meknes is a city whose population is predominantly young, and so the art (including music) is an important place. The official language is Arabic, but most of the population of Meknes, villages and nearby towns are of Berber origin (mostly from the Atlas, with a significant minority of Rifaina), in particular agriculture, agriculture and trade. Sectors of tourism, crafts and trade are the core of the local economy and know the past few months really took off and modernization of the various attractions of the medina of Meknes is for many the city hosts the annual International Exhibition Agriculture [1] on the historic site near Swan Swan Basin Sahrij HRI provides a very low annual income to the economy of the Ismailis of capital and contributes to the improvement of the medina, the city expects a major new project urban renewal Wislana centered in the valley between the two parts of the city, but its proximity to Fez makes for most tourists who cross the city, and this is the role of Regional Centre of Meknes to visit the real value of assets and tourism.


The city of Meknes is a sub continental Mediterranean influences affected soil during summer and winter seasons. However, the geographical diversity of the region that each of its particular climatic natural areas nuanced. The thermal regime of Meknes is marked by the removal of the ribs, where a wide range of extreme heat to reach 25.4 ° C. The temperature of the warmest month between 18 ° C and 36 ° C and a coldest month ranges from 2 ° C and 7 ° C. In general, temperatures range from the following: From January to April: The monthly increase in temperature is gradual and steady. These are 1 to 2 ° C / month. From April to August, a monthly increase of about 3-5 ° C. The monthly average maximum temperature is reached in August, or 35.6 ° C. From August to December, a decline of about 2-5 ° C per month. The distribution of rainfall during the year is characterized by heavy rainfall in autumn, a very slight decline in the winter, peaking in the early spring. Summer is usually dry. The period of more widespread rain in May to October, with 9-14 days of rain per month. The average annual rainfall is estimated 84 days. The average rainfall in the suburbs of Meknes reached 576 mm / year. Source: Monograph of the Department of Political Affairs Meknes.


Meknes history seems to create a rural town not fortified in the eighth century. The installation in the ninth century of a Berber tribe, the Meknassi, which established a camp north of Boufekrane valley, the city gives its name. The Almoravids make a military site in the eleventh century. Almohades destroyed the city, guilty of resistance to building more and more charming with strong fortifications and mosques. When the Mérinides emparèrent casbahs built mosques and madrassas in the early fourteenth century. Under Wattassides, was a thriving city. In the eighteenth century, Meknes became the administrative capital of Morocco, under the rule of the Alawite Sultan Moulay Ismail, who made the glory of the city with money from the resale of Christians captured sailors on Wednesday and remained in the huge prison that can still be visited today in the medina of Meknes. Constructed buildings, gardens, monumental doors, walls, huge walls of a length exceeding 40 kilometers, and many beautiful mosques and minarets. For this reason, the city of Meknes is called: "The city of a hundred minarets. During the French presence in Morocco (1912-1956), Meknes using other nicknames such as" the Versailles of Morocco ", or" Little Paris " emphasizing the beauty of the city.

Monuments and places of interest:

Moulay Ismail Mausoleum, built by Ahmed Eddahbi, open to non-Muslims. Houses the tomb of Moulay Ismail

Nejjarin Mosque: Mosque of the tenth century Located in the heart of the medina

The Great Mosque: Founded in the eleventh century by the Almoravids. It has 11 gates and 143 arcade

Roua Jamai Mosque: built in 1790 by Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah

The mausoleum of Sheikh Kamel, built by Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah, houses the tomb of El Hadi Benaissa, founder of the brotherhood "Aissaoui"

Dar Jamai Museum, the place that reflects the Moroccan upper class. In the late nineteenth century. Headquartered in the Museum of Moroccan arts and ethnographic since 1926.

Medersa Bouananya: Institute of Theology, founded by Sultan Abu Hassan Marini (1331-1351). Includes a patio and a floor of 26 rooms containing Tolba (students)

Medersa Filali: historic building and religious education center. Built in 1789 by Moulay Ismail.

Rifaina Ceramics Museum.


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