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Chefchaouen (Arabic: شفشاون) is a town in north-west of Morocco, at the foot of Jebel Kelaa and Meggou, comprising the Jebel Esh-Chefchaouen in the Rif chain, the city has 42 000 inhabitants, the city of the province same name. Is 600 m above sea level. The name of the city Rifaina Amazigh means "horns" Achawen, because the tops of the mountains overlooking the city and entourennt. Founded in the year 876 AH, or in 1471 of the Christian era by Moulay Ali Ben Moussa Ben Rached El Alami. His province of the same name, about 440 000 inhabitants, the population density is 101 inhabitants / km ² and the area of ​​4 350 km ².

History:

The foundation of this city was designed to protect the public against the Spanish and Portuguese conquest. A late fifteenth century, the Arabs (Andalusia) expelled from Spain who settled there is a thriving city, the imposition of sentence: Christians do not have access to the city, under penalty of death. Only the brave explorer Charles de Foucauld banned in 1883. In 1920, the Spanish seized Chefchaouen and never realized that after Morocco's independence in 1956.

Religion:

Chefchaouen is a city mainly of religion, is considered a holy city in Morocco. Has a strong religious heritage: 20 oratories and mosques, 11 and 17 Zawiya MAUSOLEUM and this earned him the name of the Saliha The Madine "the Holy City." The Great Mosque of Chefchaouen El Masjid Aadam was built in 1471 / 969 of the Hegira by the city's founder Moulay Ali Ben Moussa Ben Rached El Alami.Cette Mosque was responsible, with the celebration of worship, teaching science Islamic and students of all cities of the Kingdom.

Climate:

The city of Chefchaouen is located 600 meters above sea level. It differs in that province three varieties of climate: The mountainous area typically Mediterranean climate, rainy and cold in winter and mild summer. Rainfall is the most important and vary between 800 and 1 400 mm / year in some cases, 2 000 mm / year with snow. A semiarid climate that dominates the coastal zone, with rainfall ranging from 300 to 400 mm / year. The southern zone is characterized by a humid climate in winter and dry summer with rainfall ranging between 900 and 1 300 mm / year.

Tourism:

The province has significant tourism potential and will consist of various historical monuments, numerous beaches and forests with varied flora and fauna.

The main attractions of the province shall consist of:

The city of Chefchaouen

The source of Ras El Maa (3 km from the city of Chefchaouen)

The old medina with the kasbah

Cataracts and the mosque Cherafat

Forest Talassemtane

The cave Toughoubit

Puente de Dios Akchour

products (cannabis)

At the foot of jebels or Tisouka Kella (2050 m) and Meggou (1616 m), which together form the Jebel ECH Chaouen ("horns") has little Chaouen extraordinary monument. the city's charm comes from its narrow streets that do not hesitate lost: you can always find your way.

Duration: 2 hours, we will have a tour of the medina. If you hurry, we will drive directly to Makhzen d 'or' on the ground were joined by Uta Hamman. sok Chaouen the stands on Tuesday and Thursday.

We start the tour by climbing to the hotel Asmma. The mass crushes a little place, but the view over the medina helps evaluate the configuration. So part of the modern city.

Avenue Hassan II, the main artery of the modern city, extends around the medina by S. At one end, the place is Mohammed 5, for its architecture reminiscent of Spanish protectorate. A S. of this section is held (Tuesday and Thursday) the market. On the other side, Bab el Ain is the main entrance of the old city. Immediately past the door, go in the alley a. leading through the city to a great place that is the center of city life.

The place is Uta el Hamman, with its cafes, kebab shops, casual entertaining, the perfect place to enjoy a mint tea. to the right is flouted the large octagonal minaret, at the upper end of the 15 th.

La Kasbah: open from 9:00 a.m. to 1:00 p.m. and 3:00 p.m. to 18.30 also goes back to the founding of the city in 1471. cache crenellated walls and quiet Andalusian gardens and a small museum. At the entrance, the cell or Abd el Karim, who had his headquarters here was captured by the Spanish in 1926.

In the museum, see palanquins of the last century, the real-painted wooden chest in which if the bride sitting on her wedding day, the doorman of the Rif, costumes and musical instruments. On the first floor, the fans in Morocco will consult the books in Arabic, Spanish and French.

Medina to get in, take a road on the left at the bottom of the square. The streets paved with cobblestones' s race between houses with white walls at the top. In addition to white, the inhabitant of Chou put these colors, from blue to purple through green, colors that are being mosquitoes away. In this confused mass or volume to continue this new minarets and open in the nakedness of their raw materials are often overlapping connection between them betrays homes reminiscent andalouse because Muslim immigrants in Spain.

Shortly after leaving the place, left small cells whose interest caravanserai if arranged around a small square courtyard. Through the medina, you'll pass one of the many shrines of the city. the most important being in Sidi ben Yahia, founded in 1592, and Sidi el Hadj Cherif.

Continuing, we come to another city gate, Bab el Onsar, which leads to the east of the mountain, near the wadi Laou and stores (about 3 km) the source of Ras el ma. is at the end of a road and down a beautiful waterfall from which are prepared two small cafes. Along the way, many traditional windmills and beautiful views of the city.

Down in the city through the left win the Makhzen place, continues to put Uta El Hammam, and where many bazaars. can see it in Bab El Ain taking the avenue Hassan II, which offers beautiful views of the valley.

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