Cages around the southern Wadi Hadramout are the Gulf of Aden and its two main ports of historical and Shihr Mukkalla.
Hans Helfritz in the 1930's, wrote about "Mukkalla, a city of brilliant whiteness of extraordinary beauty, with its many palaces and tall towers, is located in a charming Bya close under the dark cliffs of the Jebel Kara. it is the gateway to the province of Hadramout. "Crammed between one of the great regions of Yemen volcanic mountains and the sea, approached, either by road from the coast of Aden or the Wadi Hadramout Seiyun. This road passes through a succession of valleys and interesting towns and across the cage, a semi-desert plateau.
Mukalla has been of great importance for many centuries, with the expansion of their trade to India and Southeast Asia and India show the many influences in its architecture.

Residents say the city was founded in 1625 by a sultan Yafa'I, Ahmed bin Madyam to Kasadi. In 1914 he took over Shihr, about 50 km to the east, as the capital of Hadramout when Qu'aitis (originally a tribe of Yafa) transferred his capital.

The city's architecture makes creative use of cast considerable and, in general, is distinguished by its nuances and Indian-inspired Southeast Asia, the latter evident everywhere in the narrow alleys where intrinsically magnificent carved doors and window screens can be find. The night lit ar-Rawdha and Umar mosques are lovely.

The traveler Jorgen Bisch writes in his book Behind the Veil in Saudi that the doors are so important around Mikalla that sometimes stands in the door first, and the house was built around it.)

The Sultan's Palace, which sits on the edge of the beach near the town, was built in late 1920 by Sultan 'Umar Awadh sl-Qu'aiti million and is based in India and the new classical style.


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