In Jebel Nugum above it, sits in Sana'a, the narrowest point of a large plateau (2.286 meters) above sea level. The region of volcanic origin and regular rainfall make fertile and enjoys a mild climate all year round, with the occasional hard freeze in the small hours of winter nights. A legend was founded by Shem, son of Noah.
Sana has been important since ancient times, an urban center of the tribes and the market is always a trade center for the region. Located at the intersection of two major ancient trade routes, one linking the fertile plains highlands, the other Marib and the Red Sea, and was a natural mall. The name probably derives from Sana'a within South Arabia felt well fortified. As its Qasr-Silhen, rebuilt on the establishment of Islam, today you can do with many of its walls still standing. In the old city of Sanaa tower around 14,000 houses are raised six (sometimes nine) stories high. Many originally had a limited agricultural potential to the adjacent land. The traditional social structures defined in Yemen as part of building a house.
The construction technique combines skill handed down by one generation to another - to produce a creative use of space and light. While in many other Arab houses surround a courtyard and look inward, Yemen streets of houses overlooking the community.
So what of the old city of Sanaa? Visitors, Arabs and Europeans, have always impressed by its fortifications, architecture and gardens, and its populousness, about twelve thousand in the early seventeenth century, forty thousand in the mid-nineteenth century and nearly a million today. "Abounding in good things," wrote the twelfth century Arab geographer al-Idrisi, "and full of buildings ... the oldest, largest and most populous city of Yemen" - in Arabia, he might have added - "a atmosphere, a fertile soil, and heat and cold is always warm. "
Sana'a is basically a medieval setting, and many of the houses before the date in the nineteenth century, especially in its lower floors. The city organization is typical of the region: the perimeter of the massive walls, a large and growing market, a great mosque for the largest gathering on Friday, and the palace of a ruler, now gone, but probably in the previous period has been near the Great Mosque. That palace typically includes administrative offices, reception rooms, bathrooms and well-watered gardens with more sources. A walk in the old town is an intense pleasure at any time or day.


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